Diabetes and prediabetes impact the lives of nearly 100 million Americans. As a skilled internal medicine specialist, Anthony A. Natelli, MD, offers comprehensive diabetes management plans at his Wayne, New Jersey, office. In addition to initial diagnostic testing, Dr. Natelli provides long-term diabetes treatments customized to your unique needs. He also focuses on preventive strategies to reduce your risk for type 2 diabetes and prediabetes, as well as diabetes-related complications. If you have diabetes or need diabetes testing, schedule an appointment with Dr. Natelli online or by phone today.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects how your body processes sugar from your diet. Normally, the body makes the insulin hormone to assist in converting sugar into energy. When you have diabetes, this process doesn’t work properly, resulting in consistently high blood sugar levels.
There are three main types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes is a condition where your body doesn’t produce the insulin hormone to control blood sugar levels. As a result, blood sugar levels remain high and, if left untreated, can lead to other chronic health complications, including heart disease.
While type 1 diabetes often develops in childhood, it can also develop in adults and requires lifetime medical management.
Type 2 diabetes is a condition where your body doesn’t produce enough insulin to convert sugar into energy or doesn’t use the insulin it makes properly. This type of diabetes is often the result of poor lifestyle habits, including an unhealthy diet and a lack of exercise. It is very common in overweight and obese individuals.
Pregnant women are prone to gestational diabetes. This condition causes sugar levels in the blood to remain high throughout pregnancy but often resolves on its own after childbirth. It does increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, though, later in life.
Prediabetes develops when your blood sugar levels remain high, but not high enough for a type 2 diabetes diagnosis. Without proper care, prediabetes significantly increases your risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes.
Diagnosing diabetes requires a simple blood test that allows Dr. Natelli to evaluate your blood sugar levels. You may need diabetes testing if you have symptoms of the disease, such as:
Dr. Natelli may also recommend diabetes testing if you have risk factors for the disease, including a family history or an inactive lifestyle.
If you have type 1 diabetes, you will need daily insulin therapy. Dr. Natelli also customizes a diabetes management plan to keep your condition well-controlled.
Treating type 2 diabetes may initially involve diet and lifestyle changes to reduce blood sugar levels naturally. These changes are also important if you have prediabetes. If a healthy diet and exercise aren’t enough to manage your type 2 diabetes, you may need medications.
Dr. Natelli also provides resources to ensure you’re properly monitoring your blood sugar levels at home several times a day. You can expect to schedule routine check-ups where Dr. Natelli monitors your blood sugar levels and the effectiveness of your treatment.
If you need testing or help managing your diabetes, schedule a consultation with Anthony A. Natelli, MD, today using the online booking feature or by calling the office.